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TIPS FOR NITROGEN

Share | 2016-04-06 15:47:18 From:topfert Comment:0 Look:1914 [ L M S ]

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Function

Nitrogen is necessary for hearty plant growth. it plays a major role in the formation of chlorophyll and provides a building block for plant protein. Plants that have an adequate supply of nitrogen are deep green, grow quickly, develop a healthy structure and flower or fruit well. Unfortunately nitrogen must join with other substances to become a part of the soil; this "immobile" nitrogen cannot be absorbed by plant roots.

History

Animal and bird manure provided the first nitrogen fertilizer. Unfortunately, heavy farming used more nitrogen than was in the soil; eventually the soil "wore out" and produced less. In 1909, Scientific American reports. Fritz Haber, a German chemist, heated nitrogen and hydrogen under pressure to create anhydrous ammonia, a chemical that provided nitrogen in a form that could be absorbed by plant roots. Ammonia synthesis lead the way to the development of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer that formed the basis of the 20th century's Green Revolution.

Types

In addition synthetic forms of nitrogen fertilizer, organic fertilizers composed of composted biosolids contain nitrogen. The Colorado State University Extension reports that the nitrogen in many organic fertilizers is immobile; high-carbon organic compost needs to be supplemented with sources of nitrogen to make it available to plants. When balanced correctly, organic fertilizers can improve soil as well as provide nitrogen and other nutrients.

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Warning

Extra helpings of nitrogen, whether synthetic or organic, can be bad for the environment, according to the Scientific American review of the 100th anniversary of Haber's discovery. Excess nitrogen leeches through soil as nitrates into aquifers and runs into streams, rivers and lakes. It encourages algae bloom and leads to decreased aquatic oxygen, killing aquatic life and contributing to climate change.

 each 50 to 75 kg per acre spraying solution .


Ammonium Sulphate

 Urea

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